Explore the history of northern peoples, cultures, and environments
and the issues that matter to northern residents today. Join
us as we excavate arctic sites and support indigenous efforts
to preserve cultural heritage.
All the information you need to explore the circumpolar North.
The regions we cover are Alaska, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest
Territories, Nunavut, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland,
the Faroe Islands and the northern parts of the Russian Federation.
Check out the "Teacher
Resources" for fun links for kids.
Find out all about Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden.
This WebSite section provides a range of education and information
resources as well as links to Antarctic related sites.
Facts for reports, lots of photos, and my favorite section: The
Heroic age of Antarctic Exploration.
Tundra Tim and his robot friend Moby take you to one of the Earth's
coldest regions. Don't forget your scarf!
The Not-So Barren Land
Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. Tundra comes from the
Finnish word tunturia, meaning treeless plain.
It is noted for its frost-molded landscapes, extremely low temperatures,
little precipitation, poor nutrients, and short growing seasons.
Tundra-Cam is a live and interactivewebcam located at
an elevation of 11,600 feet in the Colorado Front Range.
Ice is the dominant feature of Arctic marine ecosystems. It continuously sculpts the coastal landscape and acts as a major limiting factor to all biological activity. Lots of good illustrations.
Biologist Doug Siegel-Causey shares his knowledge and special
insights about this icy world and it's inhabitants.
Dear Dr. Universe
Where is the coldest place on earth, and what is the coldest temperature ever recorded there?"
do animals spend the winter?
People live in warm houses and wear heavy coats outside. Our
food comes from the grocery store. But what happens to the animals?
Certain mammals have what many people might consider the good
fortune to be able to sleep through the winter -- to hibernate.
They bed down in the fall and, for all intents and purposes,
don't arise again until the spring.
The tundra is a cold, treeless area; it is the coldest biome.
The tundra is characterized by very low temperatures, very little
precipitation (rain or snow), a short growing season, few nutrients,
and low biological diversity. Pictures to color and facts about
You Can't Have a Snowball Fight on Mars
Earth is a very special planet indeed. It is the only place in
the solar system where you can pummel your little brother (or,
more likely, get pummeled by him) with snowballs. By Scott A.
Sandford, NASA Ames Research Center.
Igloo Building Guide
Building an igloo is easy and fun. And the igloo is a great place to spend the night on a small 'expedition' in the mountains. It is much warmer than a tent, and can be built just about anywhere.
Make a Snowflake
An interactive site that lets you cut out a paper snowflake all to your own liking.
Snow and ice are both precipitation -- processes that remove
water from clouds. Things grow more interesting when water vapor
freezes in the atmosphere.
Construct snowflakes and learn about the beauty of their symetry.
Patterns to print out and cut to get an idea how to create your
Learn the basics of snow here, such as how to build a snow castle,
how to make virtual snow flakes, how to have a snowball fight,
and how to be a snow artist. Eero Väänänen of
snowy Finland knows how to do this best.
Snow is pretty, and it's fun to play in. If you live in an area where there is clean snowfall, you can use it to make dessert, too!
The Little Match Girl
Poor thing: in just a few seconds she had caught a glimpse of
everything that life had denied her: warmth and good things to
eat. By Hans Christian Andersen. No one can keep a dry eye through
Cool Antarctica is fortunate to have been able to secure an exclusive
interview with Pete and Dolores Adelie, a penguin couple, in
The snow-flakes became larger and larger, till they appeared
like great white chickens. All at once they sprang on one side,
the great sledge stopped, and the person who had driven it rose
up. The fur and the cap, which were made entirely of snow, fell
off, and he saw a lady, tall and white, it was the Snow Queen.
By Hans Christian Anderson.